Overview

  • Country Switzerland
  • CategoryGovernance/ Digital Voting System

Blockchain-based digital voting solution for governments and organizations.

Project stage

Only a whitepaper

Detailed description

Formed in 2015, Agora is a Swiss-based voting technology company that has developed an end-to-end verifiable voting solution for governments and institutions. Today’s voting systems are slow, costly and exposed to many vulnerabilities that can inhibit free and fair elections. Our team of skilled cryptographers and security scientists has built a blockchain-based solution to provide our partners with a modern, provably secure and cost-effective manner of engaging voters.

Elections on Agora’s network are tamper-proof throughout the entire voting process and offer full transparency to voters, third-party auditors and the general public.

Agora stands out as the first blockchain voting solution that is architected to meet the performance needs of a mission critical election. Our technology runs on a custom blockchain that our team has been developing since 2015. In this whitepaper, we present three technological innovations developed by our team: Skipchain, Cotena and Valeda. Skipchain provides a consensus mechanism with high throughput and efficient transaction validation.

Cotena then provides a method for storing cryptographic Skipchain proofs onto the Bitcoin blockchain. Finally, Valeda performs cryptographic proofs validating Skipchain and Cotena data. Our architecture provides end-to-end verifiability with a high level of security.

Problem

The voting systems used in most countries today are inefficient and outdated. In most cases, citizens must still personally visit polling stations and complete a ballot using manual, error-prone processes. Many eligible voters ultimately decide to forego participation in elections due to the challenges and frustrations presented by antiquated voting systems.

Even when voters participate, there are often questions concerning the integrity of the election process that may cause the final outcome to be questioned. Without a cryptographically secure architecture that allows voters to confirm that their own vote has been accurately recorded, current voting systems fail to satisfy their primary objective of relaying people’s voices accurately. The problems faced by traditional solutions are pervasive and well-documented, as outlined in the following sections.

Solution

Agora’s voting solution offers full transparency and public verifiability over the entire voting process, including to third party observers. This is achieved through Agora’s public blockchain, called the Bulletin Board, where data is stored throughout the election process. Any party can verify the validity of an election as well as all intermediate steps of the voting process. 

In addition to permitting outside analysis, Agora enables each voter to verify that his or her vote was accurately recorded and that it remained unaltered. In this way voters play a key role in ensuring a fair election and can place their trust in the electoral procedures. Election results are also publicly available to all stakeholders on our blockchain along with cryptographic proofs of their validity.

Agora’s platform protects voter privacy through verifiable ballot encryption and anonymization. The cryptographic methods that we use to ensure privacy come from widely researched and accepted models, including threshold ElGamal for ballot encryption and Neff shuffling for ballot anonymization.

Equally as important, Agora does not have access to user data, including the content of voter ballots. All ballots are encrypted on each individual’s voting device using open source encryption algorithms before being transmitted to Agora’s network. Once ballots are on our network, they are anonymized to detach votes that will be tallied from the credentials of any given voter.

Features

Tamper-Proof
Ballots and results cannot be altered by any third party.

Transparent
The entire voting process is fully transparent and publicly verifiable.

Private
Voters’ choices and identities are protected.

Accessible
Voters can participate in a modern, convenient and fair way.

Affordable
Digitization of paper and manual processes reduces election costs.

Tension-less
Eliminating violence caused by questionable results.

Show details

Additional links

  • Token details

    • Token symbol ? Token symbol — a shorten token name. It is used during an ICO and after the coin listing at the cryptocurrency exchanges. : VOTE
    • Fundrasing target ? Fundraising target — the maximum amount of funds to be raised during an ICO. When it is reached, the developers stop selling the tokens because they do not need to raise more money for the project development. : 20,000,000 USD
    • Token type ? Token type — a platform for a startup launch that influences the stability of blockchain operation, the speed of transactions and the fees. :Ethereum (ERC20)
    • Soft cap ? Soft cap — the minimum amount of funds to be raised for the project development. Sometimes when the soft cap has not been reached, the money is returned to the participants. :1,250,000 USD
    • Role of token ? Role of Token — type of token depending on the opportunities it offers to its owner. Utility tokens give their owners a right to use the project services, security tokens are aimed at bringing profit, and currency tokens are a money substitute. :Utility token
    • Total supply ? Total supply — a total amount of tokens that will be released by the developers. :1,000,000,000 VOTE
    • Escrow agent ? Escrow agent — a qualified agent who has the right of signature in a multisig wallet. An escrow agent participates in an ICO, monitors the financial operations of the developers and confirms their fairness. :No
    • Tokens for sale ? Tokens for sale — the number of tokens offered to the participants of an ICO. :500,000,000 VOTE
    • Whitelist ? Whitelist — a list of participants, who get an opportunity to buy tokens. To be whitelisted, you need to register on time because the number of participants and the registration period are usually limited. :Whitelist Closed
    • Additional emission ? Additional emission — an additional release of tokens. It can be done once after the crowd sale or on an ongoing basis. In the projects with a limited emission there is no additional emission. :No
    • Exchange listing ? Exchange listing — an assumed date when the token will be listed at a cryptocurrency exchange. The developers usually indicate it in a roadmap and a white paper. :NA
    • Accepting currencies ? Accepting currencies — cryptocurrencies and fiat currencies that can be used for buying the project tokens. :ETH,
    • Can't participate ? Can't participate — the countries where it is prohibited to buy tokens. These can be countries where ICOs are prohibited altogether, or countries that have the requirements that a particular project does not meet. :No
    • Know Your Customer (KYC) ? Know Your Customer — a verification procedure for ICO participants, during which the developers can ask for personal data, a photo and a scanned copy of a passport of a potential investor. :Yes
    Get details
  • Token and Funds Distribution

    Token distribution date

    NA

    Unsold tokens

    NA
      • Token Distribution

          Vesting notes

          • Company: Subject to a 4 year lockup with 1 year cliff
          • Team: Subject to a 3 year lockup with 1 year cliff
          • Partners: 1.5% of total tokens reserved for community airdrops and bounties
        • Funds Distribution

      Sale schedule

      Round Token Price Bonus Min / Max Purchase Soft Cap Hard Cap
      Crowdsale — Soon
      01 Oct 00:00 UTC
      0.051 USD No Min 1 ETH Uncapped 2,500,000 USD
      Pre-sale — Active
      14 May 00:00 UTC
      0.051 USD 5% - 30% Min 1 ETH Uncapped 17,500,000 USD
      Pre-sale
      • First tier >1000 ETH - 30%
      • Second tier 500-999 ETH - 20%
      • Third tier 100-499 ETH - 10%
      • Fourth tier 10-99 ETH - 5%
      Read more about vesting and bonus
      • Team
        No information

      Roadmap

      • 2015
        Research

        Research new types of consensus mechanisms and reliable voting products.

      • 2015 - 2017
        Use Cases

        First use cases of permission blockchain. Moving from prototypes to working product. Improving the permission infrastructure from alpha to beta.

      • Feb 2018
        Permission Blockchain

        Ready to use permission blockchain. Penetration tests succeded.

      • Mar 2018
        Presidential Use Case

        First presidential use case in Sierra Leone. A sample of votes is recorded on Agora’s blockchain.

      • Apr 2018
        Business Development

        Business development in South East Asia and North America. Penetration tests succeeded on the voting system.

      • May 2018
        Paperless

        First paperless votes. 20'000 users on the permission infrastructure.

      • Jun 2018
        Business Development

        Business development in West, East and South Africa. Improving large scale paperless use case.

      • Jun 2018 - Q1 2019
        Elections

        Expanding the production, expatriate voting, targeting the voting machines market and correspondence voting. Launching permission-less infrastructure.

      • Q2 2019
        Elections

        New app for government officials: tracking of elections supply chain.

      Activity