Blockchain-based digital voting solution for governments and organizations.
Formed in 2015, Agora is a Swiss-based voting technology company that has developed an end-to-end verifiable voting solution for governments and institutions. Today’s voting systems are slow, costly and exposed to many vulnerabilities that can inhibit free and fair elections. Our team of skilled cryptographers and security scientists has built a blockchain-based solution to provide our partners with a modern, provably secure and cost-effective manner of engaging voters.
Elections on Agora’s network are tamper-proof throughout the entire voting process and offer full transparency to voters, third-party auditors and the general public.
Agora stands out as the first blockchain voting solution that is architected to meet the performance needs of a mission critical election. Our technology runs on a custom blockchain that our team has been developing since 2015. In this whitepaper, we present three technological innovations developed by our team: Skipchain, Cotena and Valeda. Skipchain provides a consensus mechanism with high throughput and efficient transaction validation.
Cotena then provides a method for storing cryptographic Skipchain proofs onto the Bitcoin blockchain. Finally, Valeda performs cryptographic proofs validating Skipchain and Cotena data. Our architecture provides end-to-end verifiability with a high level of security.
The voting systems used in most countries today are inefficient and outdated. In most cases, citizens must still personally visit polling stations and complete a ballot using manual, error-prone processes. Many eligible voters ultimately decide to forego participation in elections due to the challenges and frustrations presented by antiquated voting systems.
Even when voters participate, there are often questions concerning the integrity of the election process that may cause the final outcome to be questioned. Without a cryptographically secure architecture that allows voters to confirm that their own vote has been accurately recorded, current voting systems fail to satisfy their primary objective of relaying people’s voices accurately. The problems faced by traditional solutions are pervasive and well-documented, as outlined in the following sections.
Agora’s voting solution offers full transparency and public verifiability over the entire voting process, including to third party observers. This is achieved through Agora’s public blockchain, called the Bulletin Board, where data is stored throughout the election process. Any party can verify the validity of an election as well as all intermediate steps of the voting process.
In addition to permitting outside analysis, Agora enables each voter to verify that his or her vote was accurately recorded and that it remained unaltered. In this way voters play a key role in ensuring a fair election and can place their trust in the electoral procedures. Election results are also publicly available to all stakeholders on our blockchain along with cryptographic proofs of their validity.
Agora’s platform protects voter privacy through verifiable ballot encryption and anonymization. The cryptographic methods that we use to ensure privacy come from widely researched and accepted models, including threshold ElGamal for ballot encryption and Neff shuffling for ballot anonymization.
Equally as important, Agora does not have access to user data, including the content of voter ballots. All ballots are encrypted on each individual’s voting device using open source encryption algorithms before being transmitted to Agora’s network. Once ballots are on our network, they are anonymized to detach votes that will be tallied from the credentials of any given voter.
Ballots and results cannot be altered by any third party.
The entire voting process is fully transparent and publicly verifiable.
Voters’ choices and identities are protected.
Voters can participate in a modern, convenient and fair way.
Digitization of paper and manual processes reduces election costs.
Eliminating violence caused by questionable results.
|Round||Token Price||Bonus||Min / Max Purchase||Soft Cap||Hard Cap|
01 Oct 00:00 UTC
|0.051 USD||No||Min 1 ETH||Uncapped||2,500,000 USD|
14 May 00:00 UTC
|0.051 USD||5% - 30%||Min 1 ETH||Uncapped||17,500,000 USD|
Research new types of consensus mechanisms and reliable voting products.
First use cases of permission blockchain. Moving from prototypes to working product. Improving the permission infrastructure from alpha to beta.
Ready to use permission blockchain. Penetration tests succeded.
First presidential use case in Sierra Leone. A sample of votes is recorded on Agora’s blockchain.
Business development in South East Asia and North America. Penetration tests succeeded on the voting system.
First paperless votes. 20'000 users on the permission infrastructure.
Business development in West, East and South Africa. Improving large scale paperless use case.
Expanding the production, expatriate voting, targeting the voting machines market and correspondence voting. Launching permission-less infrastructure.
New app for government officials: tracking of elections supply chain.